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The menace of Carbon Dioxide

Anything in excess can be a menace to our environment and consequently a menace to our survival. Carbon dioxide is one of the greenhouse gases that is generated in huge quantities by human developments. The climate change can cause economical and personal dangers and result in disaster. It is our responsibility to work towards minimizing those effects. Human activities in the world generate 33.5 thousand million (US billion) metric tons of CO2 (preliminary CDIAC 2010 estimates) spewing into the atmosphere per year (China 8.2, USA 5.5, India 2.1 thousand million (billion) tons). One can readily see that the world is inflicting damage on itself.

Ryncosmos LLC has raised a banner of concern against the spectacle of indifference. It has developed a unique technology, which reduces carbon dioxide and benefits the world. This technology is Strataclear™.

CO2 emissions and Strataclear™ technology

Fossil fuels, which exist in nature in form of coal, natural gas and crude oil (petroleum), are used as the primary source of energy. Fossil fuels consist of carbon and variable amounts of hydrogen and other elements. They are either burned directly, or converted into a variety of fuels for different uses. Automobiles, trucks, airplanes, home heating furnaces, many types of electric power plants all use fossil fuels and all produce carbon dioxide that, together with water, are primary products of their combustion. In most cases, the carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere.

In typical automobile application, one kilogram of fuel produces, after combustion, 3 kg of CO2 (from 2.8 kg for biofuel to 3.2 kg for diesel). This translates to 2.5 kg CO2 per liter, (21 pounds per US gallon) of fuel. A typical automobile with 32 miles-per-gallon (5.1 liters per 100 km) fuel consumption releases to the atmosphere 160 grams of CO2 per kilometer, or over 100 kg in a a trip of 640 km.

Strataclear™ reduces the amount of CO2 emitted by capturing it on-board the vehicle using a special absorber. The solid absorber is contained in cartridges and does not change its physical form after absorbing CO2 from the raw exhaust. The cartridge can be replaced at the gas station; if it is not replaced, the spent cartridge does not interfere with the engine performance and can be carried indefinitely or until next replacement opportunity.

CO2 emissions regulations

Most countries regulate in some fashion emissions from the moving vehicles; the regulation includes both the air quality emissions (carbon oxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons etc) as well as the greenhouse gases, chiefly CO2. The regulation sets targets either directly on the CO2 emissions (most European, also California) or on fuel consumption. The US EPA’s standards are estimated to achieve a fleet-wide level of 155 g/km of CO2 in model year 2016, the EPA’s proposed standards are estimated to achieve a fleet-wide level of 101 g/km of CO2 in model year 2025 (passenger car target = 89 g/km CO2, the light truck target = 126 g/km CO2)[1]

The following graph presents the CO2 emissions data, both existing averages as well as those in enacted or proposed legislation for several countries. The graph is based on the data compiled by the International Council on Clean Transportation. The targets of CO2 emissions from vehicles are decreasing in the coming years and more and more pressure will be put on the car manufacturers to build smaller and more efficient vehicles.

Strataclear™ makes those targets much easier to reach. By reducing the emissions from the existing internal combustion engines, it reduces greenhouse emissions without costly engine modifications, or, for an already efficient engine, reduces the emissions below the mandated targets.

CO2 emissions


[1]Source: "Overview of U.S. GHG Regulations" by Michael Olechiw, Director, Data and Testing center USEPA/OTAQ/ASD, presented at ICCT GHC Technology workshop in Brussels, Belgium, February 1, 2012.